In 1834, Toronto (Ontario’s capital city) incorporated as a city. Toronto has a vibrant history of development and change, ranging from its early occupation over thousand years ago to its current status as North America’s 4th largest city. Toronto is Canada's largest region and is comprised of the former urban areas of Toronto, North York, Scarborough, York and Etobicoke, and the former borough of East York. The city is home to an extensive immigrant population, and is a national and worldwide point for finance, communications and cultural life.
While English is the predominant language spoken by Torontonians, many different languages have considerable numbers of nearby speakers. The varieties of Chinese and Italian are the 2nd and 3rd most widely spoken languages at work. Despite Canada's official bilingualism, while 9.7 per cent of Ontario's Francophones live in Toronto, only 0.6 percent of the population reported French as a singular language spoken frequently at home; meanwhile 64 percent reported speaking predominantly English only and 28.3 percent primarily used a non-official language; 7.1 percent reported commonly speaking multiple languages at home. The city's 9-1-1 emergency services are equipped to react in over 150 languages.
In North America, Toronto has resulted in the city having a reputation as one of the safest major cities as because of its very low crime rate. For instance, in 2007, the homicide rate for Toronto was 3.3 per 100,000 people, compared with Atlanta (19.7), Boston (10.3), Los Angeles (10.0), New York City (6.3), Vancouver (3.1), and Montreal (2.6). Toronto's theft rate also ranks low, with 207.1 robberies / 100,000 people, compared with Los Angeles (348.5), Vancouver (266.2), New York City (265.9), and Montreal (235.3). Toronto has a comparable rate of car theft to various United States cities, although it is not among the highest in Canada.
Health and Medicine
Toronto General Hospital is a major teaching hospital situated in downtown Toronto.
Toronto is home to twenty public hospitals which includes The Hospital for Sick Children, St. Joseph's Health Centre, Scarborough General Hospital, Scarborough Grace Hospital, Centenary Hospital, Mount Sinai Hospital, St. Michael's Hospital, North York General Hospital, Toronto General Hospital, Toronto Western Hospital, Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH), and Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, in which many are affiliated with the University of Toronto Faculty of Medicine.